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alternately altabwabwechselnd
approximatelyapprIt is the abbreviation for 'approximately' The term 'approximately' means 'imprecise but fairly close to' so 'approximately 2 inches' would mean 'about 2 inches'.ungefähr
armhole/ armscyeArmausschnitt
back loopbldas hintere Maschenglied
back loop double crochetBLdcDas einfache Stäbchen nur in das hintere Maschenglied der Vorreihe stechen.
back loop half double crochetBLhdcDas halbe Stäbchen nur in das hintere Maschenglied der Vorreihe stechen.
back loop single crochetBLscDie feste Masche nur in das hintere Maschenglied der Vorreihe stechen
back post double crochetbpdcMake a double crochet around the back of the post.

To make Back Post Double Crochet (Bpdc) : Yo and insert hook from the back to the front around the post of the dc on the previous row. Complete as for regular dc.
Reliefstäbchen hinter der Arbeit
bar increase Zunehmen mit verschränkten MaschenVideo Tutorial
beginbeganfangen
betweenbet'bet' is the abbreviation for the word 'between', meaning in the middle of (as 'between two stitches').zwzwischen
bind off / cast offboabkabkettenVideo Tutorial
blockspannen
break off/ break yarndas Garn/ den Faden abschneiden
cable needlecn'cn' means 'cable needle'. This is a special type of double-pointed needle that can be used to hold your cable as a separate piece from the main body of the work. Cable needles have bends in them so that the yarn does not fall off easily.Zopfnadel/ Hilfsnadel
cast oncoanschlanschlagen
chain/sch/sThe resulting row of chains is called the foundation chain. You will build the crocheted fabric off of this foundation. The chain stitch is also used to produce spaces and loops in your fabric.LmLuftmascheVideo Tutorial
complete, make upausarbeiten
continu/e/s/ing/cont The common usage is if you have a pattern established, for the pattern to state 'cont for x more inches' meaning 'continue what you are doing for x more inches and then stop'.
contrasting colorccIf you are working with two yarns, it is not uncommon for patterns to use 'MC' to mean the 'main' or primary color and 'CC' to mean the 'contrasting' or secondary color.
crochet hookhkHäkelnadel
decreas/e/s/ingdecDecreasing is the process of removing one or more stitches from a piece.

There are a number of ways to decrease and the choice of decrease used is most often determined by the desired slant of the stitches.
doubledbl'dbl' is the abbreviation for the word 'double'
double crochetdcThe double crochet is about twice the height of a single crochet. It is a very popular stitch producing a looser fabric than single crochet. StbEinfaches StäbchenVideo Tutorial
double crochet two togetherdc2tog2 Einfache Stäbchen zusammen abmaschen
double pointed needle/sdpn'dpn' is an abbreviation for 'double-pointed needle'. Double pointed needles are used for knitting in the round where it would not be feasible to use a circular needle (for instance because the size of the item is too small) .Nadelspiel
double treble (triple) crochetdtrYarn over hook three times, then insert hook into next stitch. Yarn over hook and draw yarn through stitch - five loops on the hook. Loop yarn over hook and draw through two loops, (there are now four loops remaining on the hook), *yarn over hook and draw through two loops**, repeat * to ** twice more. This completes one double treble crochet.Dreifaches Stäbchen
establish/edestIt is the abbreviation for 'established' . A typical usage of this is in articles where you are knitting a repetitive pattern. 'Cont in pat as est for x inches' means to repeat the pattern over and over until the correct measurement is reached.
extensionext'ext' is an abbreviation for the word 'extension'
follow/s/ingfoll'foll' is an abbreviation for the word 'follows' or 'following'
front post double crochetfpdcMake a double crochet around the front of the post. To make Front Post Double Crochet (Fpdc) : Yo and insert hook from the front to the back around the post of the dc on the previous row. Complete as for regular dc.Reliefstäbchen vor der Arbeit
front post single crochetfpscMake a single crochet around the front of the post.
front post triple crochetfptrMake a treble (triple) crochet around the front of the post. YO twice, insert hook from front to back around post of sc two rows below next sc, YO and pull up a loop, [YO and draw through 2 loops on hook] 3 times (FPtr made), skip sc behind FPtr.
garter stitchkraus rechts
half double crochethdcThe half double crochet comes halfway between a single crochet and a double crochet in height. hStbHalbe StäbchenVideo Tutorial
increas/e/s/ingincIncreasing is the process of adding one or more stitches to a piece. Adding stitches to a knit or crochet piece makes it wider. For example, when you knit a sleeve, you increase stitches from the cuff to the shoulder.zunzunehmen
knit (stitch)k / ksThe action of inserting your needles through the bottom of a loop and pulling a new loop down and through the first loop is called 'knitting'.re str / re Mrechte Maschen stricken - Mit der rechten Nadel in die Masche der linken Nadel von links nach rechts (den vorderen Maschendraht aufnehmen) einstechen, dann den Arbeitsfaden mit der rechten Nadel von hinten nach vorn erfassen und durch die Masche ziehen, dann diese von der linken Nadel gleiten lassen. Video Tutorial
knit 1 in the row belowk1b / kblknit 1 in the row below: Insert needle through center of st 1 row below next st and knit, slipping st above off needle at same time.
It can also be interpreted as 'knit through the back loop'!
eine Masche rechts verschränkt abstricken
knit into front and back of stitch kfbAn easy way to add a stitch is to use an existing stitch. Insert the right needle into the stitch, wrap the yarn around the needle and pull through as for a normal knit stitch, elongating the loop slightly. Don't pull the stitch over the left needle yet. Bring the top of the right needle around to the back and knit into the back loop of the stitch. You now have two stitches on the right needle.erst eine Masche aus dem vorderen, dann eine Masche aus dem hinteren Maschenglied heraus strickenVideo Tutorial
knit 3 togetherk3togWork to the three stitches to be decreased knitting them together together as shown. This decrease slants the stitches to the left. 3 M re zus3 Maschen rechts zusammenstricken
knit 3 stitches together through back loopk3togbKnit three stitches together, but instead of positioning the needle in the portion of the loop in front of the needles as normal, put do it through the part of the loop that is on the back side of the needles.
knit through back loopkbl / k1bknit through back loop (though this is usually written kbl) in which case you knit into the back of the stitch instead of the front of the stitch. This gives a tighter stitch and is sometimes used for ribbing.eine Masche rechts verschränkt abstricken
knit 2 stitches together k2togWork to the two stitches to be decreased and then knit the two stitches together. The stitches slant to the right.2 M re zus strzwei Maschen rechts zusammen stricken - Man sticht mit der rechten Nadel von links nach rechts gleichzeitig in 2 Maschen ein und holt den Faden durch
beide Maschen.
Video Tutorial
knit 2 stitches together through back loopk2togbKnit two stitches together, but instead of positioning the needle in the portion of the loop in front of the needles as normal, put do it through the part of the loop that is on the back side of the needles.
loop/slp / lpslp(s) is an abbreviation for 'loop' or 'loops'
loop stitchlp stLoop Stitch (lp st) is a variation of single crochet (sc) and is worked on the wrong-side rows because the lps form at the back of the fabric. Step 1: Using the index finger on the left hand to control the lp size hold yarn over finger 1.5 inches behind work; insert the hook in st, hook both strands of lp just made, draw these strands through st. Step 2: Wrap the supply yarn over the hook (yo). Step 3: Draw through all lps on hook-1 lp st made.
main colormcIn patterns with more than one color, 'MC' can be used to mean 'main color' -- the color that is the primary one for the item.
make onem1Work to the place where the increase is to be made. Insert the left needle from front to back into the horizontal strand between the two stitches. Knit the stitch through the back loop as shown. On the purl side, insert the needle from front to back and then purl the stitch through the back loop. Video Tutorial
measure/smeas'meas' is an abbreviation for 'measures' Some patterns are not done with a precise number of stitches, but are done until a piece measures a certain size.
needle/sndl(s)'ndls' is an abbreviation for the word'needles' (Strick-)Nadeln
oppositeopp'opp' is an abbreviation for 'opposite'
pass slipped stitch overpsso'psso' means that you should pass slip stitch over knitted stitch
pass 2 slipped sts overp2sso'p2sso' means that you should pass 2 slipped stitch over the knitted stitch
patternpatIt is the abbreviation for 'pattern' . Some knitted items have repetitive stitch patterns.(Strick-)Muster
pick uppuPicking up stitches is a way to add to a piece that has been completed.
place markerpmIt means to put a stitch marker on the needle. There are many types of stitch markers -- basically it is just something (often a little ring or some sort) that can be slipped on your needle and that won't slip off accidentally.

Putting a stitch marker (say) every 10th row reduces the work in counting rows.
purlpThe action of inserting your needles from the top of a loop and pulling a new loop up and through the first stitch is called 'purling'.li str / li Mlinke Maschen stricken - Den Arbeitsfaden nach vorn legen, mit der rechten Nadel von rechts nach links oberhalb dieses Fadens in die Masche (den vorderen Maschendraht aufnehmend) der linken Nadel einstechen, den Arbeitsfaden von hinten nach vorn erfassen und durch die Masche ziehen, dann diese von der linken Nadel gleiten lassen.Video Tutorial
purl through the back loopp1bPurl into the back of the stitch instead of the front of the stitch. This gives a tighter stitch and is sometimes used for ribbing.
purl 3 togetherp3togWork to the three stitches to be decreased and purl the three stitches together. Note: This decrease slants the stitches to the right.
purl 2 togetherp2togPurling two stitches together is done in the same manner as the k2tog. This decrease slants the stitches to the right.2 M li zus strzwei Maschen links zusammen strickenVideo Tutorial
purl 2 together in backp2togbp2togb in an abbreviation for "purl 2 together in back"
remain/s/ingremIt is the abbreviation for the word 'remains' or 'remaining' . A typical usage of this would be 'Bind off rem sts' meaning 'Bind off remaining stitches'.
repeat/s/ingrep / rep from * to *It is the abbreviation for 'repeat', meaning 'do it again'. A typical usage of this would be 'Rep Rows 1 - 8 until item measures 8 inches'. Another usage is to put a special character like a '*' into the pattern and then state 'rep from * x times' meaning that you should find the '*' mark and repeat all stitches from that point for the number of times indicated.wdh von * zu *von * zu * wiederholen
revers/e/ingrevIt is the abbreviation for 'reverse' meaning 'to do in a mirror-image fashion'. A typical usage of this would be 'When piece measures 15 1/2 inches from beg, shape neck as for Right Front, rev shaping, and complete as for Right Front.'
reverse single crochetrscReverse single crochet is worked exactly like regular single crochet except going left to right instead of right to left. At the end of an sc row, if the next row is reverse sc, you do not turn, but twist your wrist and insert the crochet hook back into the stitch just finished, work a sc, and continue in this way back across.
reverse stockinette stitchRev St st In reverse stockinette, the side with the bumps (the purl side) is considered to be the right side.
right frontrfrf is usually an abbreviation for 'right front'
right handrhRH is an abbreviation for 'right hand', meaning to the right.
right sidersSome knitted pieces have a right side and a wrong side; the right side being that which will be displayed on the item and the wrong side being that which will not be displayed. die rechte Seite / die Außenseite
round/srnd (s)When knitting in the round (using circular needles or double-pointed needles), each row of stitching is called a 'round', abbreviated 'rnd'. When crocheting, a 'rnd' is a single row of crochet stitches.
seed stitch (aka moss stitch)Perlmuster
selvedge stitchRdmRandmasche
short rowsverkürzte Reihen
single crochetscThe single crochet is the most basic crochet stitch for making fabric. All the other stitches are variations on this one.fM feste MascheVideo Tutorial
single crochet 2 togethersc2tog'sc2tog' means to use single crochet to join two stitches together. It is a way to decrease (make the item smaller.) Insert hook into stitch and draw up a loop. Insert hook into next stitch and draw up a loop. Yarn over, draw through all 3 loops on hook.
single crochet 3 togethersc3tog'sc3tog' means to use single crochet to join three stitches together.
skipskSkip term 'sk' means to skip the next stitch; 'sk 2' means 'skip the next two', etc.
slipslSometimes stitches are slipped without working from the right needle to the left needle. They can either be slipped purlwise or knitwise. If you are asked to slip stiches and the instructions don't specify which way, slip the stitch or stitches purlwise.abhabheben
slip stitchsl st / ssIt means to slide the stitch onto your working needle without working it./ KtmStricken: Masche abheben / Häkeln: Kettenmasche
slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped stitch overskpAlso occasionally written 'sl1, k1, psso'. This is a left-slanting decrease.
slip 1, knit 1, pass slip stitch oversl1-k1-pssoslip 1, knit 1, pass slip stitch over is a left slanting decrease. Slip one stitch as if to knit. Knit the next stitch. Insert left needle into front of slipped stitch on right needle. Pass the slipped stitch over the knit stitch and off the right needleüberzogenen Abnahme - 2 Maschen überzogen zusammenstricken
slip 1, k2tog, pass sl st oversk2p'sk2p' means: slip 1 stitch as if to knit, knit two together, pass slipped stitch overdoppelte überzogenen Abnahme - 3 Maschen überzogen zusammenstricken
slip 2 stitches together, knit 1, pass two slip stitches overS2KP / S2KP2
slip markersmIt means to slide the stitch marker from one needle to another as it comes up to the working needle.
slip, slip, knitsskWork to the place where the decrease is to be made. Slip the next 2 stitches, one at a time as if to knit, to the right needle. Insert the left needle into the fronts of these two stitches and knit them together. One stitch is decreased. This decrease slants to the left.Video Tutorial
slip, slip, purlsspOn the purl side of the work, the decrease is called slip, slip, purl (ssp). In the same way as ssk, slip the 2 stitches on at a time as if to knit to the right needle. Purl them together through the back loops. This decrease slants to the left.
space/ssp(s)
space previously madech-space'ch-space' means 'space where ch was made in previous row'
square(s)sq(s)
stockinette stitchSt stgl (re)glatt stricken (rechts)
stitch/esst(s)The abbreviation stands for 'stitch'. There are many different types of stitches in knitting, but the most common are the knit stitch and the purl stitch.
through the back looptblIn Crochet: Each crochet stitch has 2 loops on the top of the stitch. The illustration above identifies these loops. Usually, you will insert your hook under both loops of the stitch in the previous row. Sometimes, to create a decorative effect, a pattern will indicate to work in either the front loop or back loop of a stitch.

In Knitting: (sometimes also written kbl for 'knit through back loop') Knit into the back of the stitch instead of the front of the stitch. This gives a tighter stitch and is sometimes used for ribbing
treble (triple) crochettrThe triple crochet is a little taller than a double crochet. Video Tutorial
turning chaint-chStitches in crochet come in varying heights. When you begin a row of any stitch, you will be starting at the base of the row. In order to come up to the height of the stitch you will be working, you must start with a chain that is the same height as the stitches in the row you are working. This chain is called the turning chain.
twisted/ crossed stitchtkInsert right-hand needle in the back loop of the left-hand needle and knit a stitch. Slip the stitch off the left-hand needle.verschränkte oder rechts verdrehte Masche - Mit der rechten Nadel in die Masche der linken Nadel von rechts nach links (den hinteren Maschendraht
aufnehmen) einstechen, dann den Arbeitsfaden mit der rechten Nadel von hinten nach vorn erfassen und durch die Masche ziehen, dann diese von der linken Nadel gleiten lassen
variegated yarnmehrfarbiges Garn
weave in the endsdie Fäden vernähen
with yarn in backwyib
with yarn in frontwyif
work evenWork even means to continue in the established pattern without increasing or decreasing.arbarbeiten/ fortfahren (bei einem etablierten Muster)
working yarnder Arbeitsfaden
worsted weightGarnstärke: 16-20M auf 10cm
wrong sidewsSome knitted pieces have a right side and a wrong side; the right side being that which will be displayed on the item and the wrong side being that which will not be displayed. die linke Seite, die Innenseite
yarnGarn
yarn over yoYarn over is a method for increasing a stitch.UUmschlag - Vor einer Rechtsmasche:
Mit der rechten Nadel den Arbeitsfaden von hinten nach vorn erfassen, so daß er sich als halbe Schlinge um die Nadel legt, dann die folgende Masche normal rechts abstricken.

Vor einer Linksmasche:
Mit der rechten Nadel den Arbeitsfaden von hinten nach vorn erfassen, so daß sich der Faden als halbe Schlinge um die Nadel legt, dann den Faden nach vorn legen, um die folgende Masche links zu stricken, dabei den Unschlag mit dem rechten Zeigefinger festhalten, damit er nicht beim Linksstricken abgleitet.
Video Tutorial
yarn over (yarn round hook)yrh'yrh' is an abbrevation for 'yarn round hook'. Mainly used in British crochet pattern, yrh is also known as a yarn over (yo).

Quellen:

garnstudio.com

ambrosiaandbliss.blogspot.de

grannys-garret.com

Knittinghelp.com

lionbrand.com

strickmasche.de

von-stroh-zu-gold.de